# “Moving” with numbers

Pavan RC

Kinesthetic math involves using the entire body to learn math and not just hands to write. It makes learning active. We have heard of people who hate math begin loving the subject after learning it with kinesthetic activities.

Math learning is fun with counters In kinesics, young learners are introduced to the number system along with its quantity. An object usually called the manipulative/counter is given to the child to count. This allows the child to touch and count the number which helps him associate the number with the quantity. This tactile method of learning ensures that the learner remembers the concept more clearly. The counter can be buttons, beans, toffees, toy cars, etc. The counters are kept to the Right Hand Side of the child. The teacher shows the digit and the child moves as many counters to the Left Hand Side. The child touches each counter and counts the number, forming a number line which is counted from left to right. This is called the push and count method. For instance, if the number to push and count is 7, then there will be seven in the line and 3 left in the group of 10 counters. In this way the child observes that 10 can be derived by adding two numbers—7 and 3; and that 7 is a number that is 3 counters less than 10. A lot of basic math vocabulary such as count, quantity, take away, left over, add, subtract, etc., can be introduced with the counters. We have to ensure that the numbers are touched and counted at the end of the given instruction.

Using the above method even a 4 year old can be taught to solve word problems. Children will hardly face the problems associated with using the correct math operand. Usually I have seen students wondering whether to add or subtract in a word problem.
In this method, the student solves the problem without the pencil and paper. So the child is listening and observing while the teacher demonstrates and not merely write the numbers.

Below are some kinaesthetic mathematics teaching techniques using counters

1. Push and count —for quantity recognition.
2. Backward counting.
3. One more — basic addition with only one digit.
4. One less —- basic subtraction with only one digit.
5. Two more
6. Two less
7. Word problems
8. Grouping and skip counting
9. Fare share — basic division
10. Give a number and ask the student to frame a word problem

I have observed that this method is a favourite with my students as they understand the concept which increases their confidence and makes math classes more meaningful for young learners.

Multiples of 3

The maths teacher wants the concept of multiples to be a fun learning. So he makes groups in the class. The teacher decides on the multiples of 3.
Each group is asked to call out numbers starting from 1 and the person calling out a multiple of three will have to clap. If they don’t clap then the team loses a point and will have to start from the beginning.
The groups will compete to see who calls out the maximum numbers without mistakes.

Walk through activity Object of the activity – To read and write number names of 6 to 7 digits (up to lakhs). This activity should be attempted after students have been taught the Indian place value system.